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Thyroidis a butterfly-shaped gland in neck, which typically makes hormones that keep your body functioning normally;the thyroid gland influences almost all of the metabolic processes in your body.When thyroid makes excess or too less of these hormones, it's called a thyroid disease. There are several different types of thyroid disease, including hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, thyroiditis Hashimoto's thyroiditis and thyroid cancer. When your thyroid doesn't work properly, it can impact your entire body.
Your thyroid gland produces two thyroid hormone, T3 (triiodothyronine) and T4 (thyroxine), which regulate the body temperature, metabolism as well as the heart rate that controls many activities in your body, including how fast you burn calories at rest. Whenever you have excess energy—the result of eating more food than your body can use—this energy gets stored in fat cells and you gain weight.Thyroid gland is regulated by pituitary gland in the brain, which secretes another hormone thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH). When there is excess or less production of these hormones in the body, it leads to different thyroid diseases.
Diseases of the thyroid cause it to make either too much or too little of the hormone. Depending on how much or how little hormone your thyroid makes, you may often feel restless or tired, or you may lose or gain weight or menstrual irregularities. Women are more likely than men to have thyroid diseases, especially right after pregnancy and after menopause.
Thyroid disease usually happens as the result of poor lifestyle , unhealthy diet , stress, lack of sleep and other life style related factors. Life style modification is a key factor to manage thyroid disorder.
Specific Elements where we need to focus:
Iodine needed to make thyroid hormones, can be taken through foods like seaweed, fish, dairy & eggs.
Selenium Selenium helps "activate" thyroid hormones. Brazil nuts are the good source of selenium.
Zinc may help the body regulate TSH, the hormone that tells the thyroid gland to release thyroid hormones. Include oysters, nuts seeds in your diet as these are rich in zinc.
Goitrogens Goitrogens are compounds that may interfere with the normal function of the thyroid gland.
Surprisingly, many common foods contain goitrogens, including:
Foods:, Cruciferous vegetables(broccoli, kale, cauliflower, spinach), peanuts sweet potatoes etc.
Also, cooking foods with goitrogens may inactivate these compounds.
One exception to the above foods is pearl millet. Some studies have found that pearl millet might interfere with thyroid function, even if you don't have an iodine deficiency.
People with hypothyroidism should aim to eat a diet based on vegetables, fruits, and lean meats. These are low in calories and very filling, which may help prevent weight gain
• eat at least 5 portions of a variety of fruit and vegetables every day
• have some dairy or dairy alternatives
• eat some beans, pulses, fish, eggs, meat and other protein
• choose unsaturated oils and spreads, and eat them in small amounts
• drink plenty of fluids (at least 12 to 14 glasses a day)
• Exercise Daily like Cardio, strength training , yoga
Should I exercise if I have a thyroid disease?
Regular exercise is an important part of a healthy lifestyle. You do not need to change your exercise routine if you have a thyroid disease. Exercise does not drain your body's thyroid hormones and it shouldn't hurt you to exercise. In fact it helps in boosting up the metabolism in thyroid patients. Choose YOGA as a part of your daily life style.
Comment about Soy:
Soy products ( eg, tofu, soy milk and soy protein, tempeh, edamame, miso) contains isoflavones, can inhibit thyroid peroxidase (TPO), involved in the production of thyroid hormones. Eating too much of soy products may deplete thyroid level.
How Dietofy help in thyroid diseased management
Dietofy team will provide you Protein, selenium, calcium, magnesium, and iodine rich diet that help your thyroid work. We will Make sure you're getting plenty of all the B vitamins, and other vitamins too.